Between 2014 and 2026, nearly 1.6 million students will enter the state’s K-12 public school system as ninth graders. Under current graduation rates, more than 213,000 of them are predicted to drop out or delay high school graduation.
Let’s break it down further.
For every 100 ninth graders that start public high school in NC:
- 86 graduate high school within 4 years.
- 14 dropout or take more than 4 years to complete high school.
In 12th grade, all public high school graduates in NC are asked in the spring what they intend to do after graduation. Of the 86 students that complete high school on time:
- 1 has no clear path after graduation
- 4 intend to join the military
- 10 intend to go into the workforce
- 71 intend to go on to post-secondary schooling
Of the 71 students who say they intend to go on to post-secondary schooling:
- 28 say they intend to go to one of the 16 schools in the UNC system
- 29 say they intend to go to one of the 58 NC community colleges across the state
- 14 say they plan to go to private or out-of-state schools
But not everyone shows up to college in the fall, as our recent analysis of North Carolina’s public postsecondary pipeline shows. Transition to college is the largest loss point in the postsecondary pipeline. Many high school graduates with postsecondary intentions do not matriculate in the fall, a process known as “summer melt.” Summer melt most often affects first-generation college students, low-income students, and students with intentions to enroll in a community college. Research finds that small-scale interventions, such as summertime college counseling or text messaging campaigns, are effective at reducing summer melt and can significantly increase first-year enrollment.
In NC, of the 71 students who say they intend to go to postsecondary education, only 49 of them enroll.
And 15 return for a second year but don’t complete their degree or credential within 6 years.
Out of the 49 students who initially enroll in college, 25 receive a postsecondary degree or credential within 6 years. 24 more students have completed some college, but don’t have a degree. Out of our original 100 ninth graders:
- 25 have a postsecondary degree or credential within 6 years
- 24 have some college but no degree
- 22 planned to go to college, but didn’t immediately transition
- 15 entered work or the military
- 14 dropped out of high school or took longer than 4 years to graduate
However, there are large differences in the predicted likelihood of postsecondary pipeline completion across demographic groups:
- Female students are more likely to complete the postsecondary pipeline than male students. (31% versus 20%, respectively.)
- Asian students (41%) are nearly twice as likely to complete the postsecondary pipeline on time than the state average of 16%.
- Black (15%), Hispanic (14%) and American Indian (13%) students have predicted on-time pipeline completion rates lower than the stage average.
- Disparities between men and women and between racial/ethnic group exist at all points in the pipeline: in four-year high school graduation rates, post-graduation intentions, immediate college enrollment, first-year persistence rates, and on-time graduation rates.
North Carolina has set a goal for 2 million adults ages 25-44 to have postsecondary credential or degree by 2030; this represents about 67% of adults 25-44 with a postsecondary certificate, diploma, or associate degree or higher. But there are persistent inequities in educational outcomes between race and ethnic groups. Based on current projections, three underserved groups (Black, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Hispanic populations) will not meet the postsecondary attainment goal.
Of the 1.4 M children enrolled in public school in NC, 44% are Black, Hispanic, or American Indian. And these children are more likely to be first-generation college students, based on the current educational attainment of their parents.
Programs that reach, engage, and successfully enroll, retain, and graduate our state’s growing population of first-generation and minority students will be vital to ensure North Carolina’s progress towards any statewide attainment goal. Failure to improve these outcomes is not only detrimental to the future economic well-being of these children and their families: it will ensure that our state’s primary path to future attainment growth will be the continued reliance on in-migration of highly educated individuals from other states and countries.